Iranian kilims on display at the Florence exhibition

TEHRAN — Iranian kilims from North Khorasan province are currently on display at the 86th edition of the International Handicrafts Exhibition (Mostra Internazionale dell’Artigianato) in Florence, Italy, the IRIB reported on Friday.

Several workshops, master classes and special activities are organized on the sidelines of the exhibition, which welcomes more than 400 exhibitors from all over Italy and other countries including France, Turkey, Tunisia, Morocco, Peru, l Egypt, India, Iran, Madagascar, Pakistan, Nepal and Tibet Autonomous Region.

The exhibition, which is being held at the Fortezza da Basso, a centuries-old fortress, will end on Sunday.

More than 15,000 artisans and craftsmen practice 61 craft fields in Iran’s North Khorasan province, famous for its wrestling tournaments, the remarkable citadel of Belqays and the partially preserved stepped village of Roein.

Kilim is a hand woven pile free floor covering in most places where pile rugs are made. The term is applied both generally and specifically, with the earliest usage referring to virtually any carpet-like fabric that has no pile.

When used specifically, the term refers to a more limited number of techniques, including split tapestry, warp sharing, and various forms of interlocking tapestry weaving.

Kilims are often woven on narrow looms and two mirror image pieces are sewn together along the long edge to produce the finished kilim. The vertical junctions of colors imply a discontinuity of the wefts, the colored threads which produce the design. At these boundaries there are small slits in the fabric. Extremely fine silk kilims were woven for the Safavid court (1502–1735), possibly at Kashan.

Persian rugs are sought after worldwide for their delicate designs and good quality. Among Persian rugs, especially those of the Classic period, the medallion may represent an open 16-petalled lotus flower seen from above, an intricate star shape, or a quatrefoil with pointed lobes.