TEHRAN – Iran’s traditional shoes and shoes have beautiful regional names that are unique to each region. In Quchan, North Khorasan Province, Charoq is one of the traditional handicrafts. Charoq is mainly worn by villagers and shepherds.
The laces of these shoes are twisted around the ankles of the feet. Charoq originated in the Sasanian dynasty and flourished during the Safavid dynasty, researchers say. Also, Charoq appears in Iranian literature.
Rumi’s poem “The Muses and the Shepherd” illustrates the use and prosperity of these handicrafts centuries ago. In the poem, the shepherd prays to God to sew the Charoq of God and to comb his hair. Sham, Patabeh and Palik are other names for Charoq.
To make a pair of Charoq, you will need a “Derafsh” or an awl, needles, a scalp, a knife, an engraving pen, a cutter, shoe horns and wooden moulds. Cotton thread, silk and tanned cowhide are the main materials used in Charoq-duzi.
As part of making a Charoq, the body is constructed, embroideries are sewn, decorations are added, and the laces are tied.
Charoq is sewn with blanket stitches of colored threads on black leather, and it is sewn with parallel stitches of white cotton thread on the back. A six-petalled flower made of pink and gold threads decorates Charoq’s back. A row of colorful pom poms decorates the front. A loop is made of leather and attached to both sides of Charoq as the last step. The bottom of this shoe is made of buffalo leather due to its high durability.
Unlike other cities, the Charoqs of North Khorasan are made from a single piece of leather and there is no right or left foot in a pair. Women’s shoes and men’s shoes are not different either, they only differ in size.
Seh Gol, Chahar Gol, Puneh Dar and Badami are some of the designs sewn on Charoq.
The know-how of making Charoq has been registered on the list of national heritage.